Denali National Park Photos

I first set foot in Denali National Park in September of 1981, although unskilled in camping and wilderness travel, that experienced uncorked my desire for wild places, and flamed my already growing desire for photography. Since then, I’ve traveled and photographed Denali Park on foot, bicycle, bus, plane, skis, and car. All of the Denali National Park photos on this site are available to license as stock photos or for purchase as fine art prints for your home or office decor. In the description of the Park below, I’ve included associated photos linked to purchasing options. Additional photos can be found through the keyword search top right or the galleries to the left.

Bull moose reflection in a small kettle pond with the summit of Denali in the distance, Denali National Park, Alaska. (Patrick J Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)

Bull moose reflection in a small kettle pond with the summit of Denali in the distance, Denali National Park, Alaska. (Patrick J Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)

The Park

Denali National Park and Preserve is one of the world’s most scenic and wildlife-rich national parks in the nation, if not the world. This is also the reason it is one of the most highly visited parks in Alaska. Situated in the heart of the Alaska Range, the park’s mountain weather is dynamic and constantly changing, creating a dream theater of light and drama. The 6 million acre park, larger than the state of Massachusettes, has only one narrow and windy road that penetrates 90 miles into the park on the north side of the Alaska Range. Beginning at 1,585ft, the small road crosses four mountain passes—the highest at 3,900 ft. (3600m).

Denali National Park, Alaska. (Patrick J Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)

Denali National Park, Alaska. (Patrick J Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)


Tour bus travels the Denali Park Road through Thorofare Pass, with Denali visible along the Alaska Range horizon. (Patrick J. Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)

Tour bus travels the Denali Park Road through Thorofare Pass, with Denali visible along the Alaska Range horizon. (Patrick J. Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)

Location & Access

The Park entrance is located at mile 237 of the George Parks Highway, a 4-5 hour drive from Anchorage and 2.5-hour drive from Fairbanks. Once at the park entrance, it is a short 1.5-mile drive to the Visitor’s Access Center where campground reservations and bus tickets can be purchased.

Visitor's information center, Denali National Park, Alaska (Patrick J. Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)

Visitor’s information center, Denali National Park, Alaska (Patrick J. Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)

Shuttle Bus System

An organized shuttle bus system takes visitors into the park beginning in late May or early June, ending in mid-September. While the park is technically open all year to non-motorized traffic, limited access via the Denali Park Road in a personal vehicle is available in May and late September depending on when the snow melts in spring and arrives in late autumn. The first 15 miles are paved and accessible by public vehicles, but only park buses or vehicles with special permits may travel beyond the gate at Savage River, where the road turns to gravel.

Tourists in a Denali park bus take pictures of a grizzly bear sow and cubs along the park road in Highway pass, Denali National Park. (Patrick J. Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)

Tourists in a Denali park bus take pictures of a grizzly bear sow and cubs along the park road in Highway Pass, Denali National Park. (Patrick J. Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)


A grizzly bear walks on the Denali Park road as visitors in tour buses watch closely. (Patrick J. Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)

A grizzly bear walks on the Denali Park road as visitors in tour buses watch closely. (Patrick J. Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)

Plants (flora)

After the continental glaciers retreated some 14,000 years ago, new soils emerged to support the slow process of re-vegetation. Deep frozen ground called permafrost still underlies much of the land and just a thin layer of topsoil thaws each summer to support life. The tundra hosts a diverse world of dwarfed shrubs and tiny wildflowers adapted to survive the short growing season of the harsh sub-Arctic wilderness. More than 650 species of flowering plants, as well as many species of mosses, lichens, fungi, algae, and others, adorn the slopes and valleys of Denali.

Denali National Park photos: Mountain Aven wildflowers on the tundra, Denali National park, Interior, Alaska. (Patrick J. Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)

Mountain Aven wildflowers on the tundra, Denali National park, Interior, Alaska. (Patrick J. Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)


Denali National Park photos: Wildflower meadow, Narcissus-flowered anemone and Lapland rosebay, Denali National Park, Alaska (Patrick J. Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)

Wildflower meadow, Narcissus-flowered anemone and Lapland rosebay, Denali National Park, Alaska (Patrick J. Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)


Denali National Park photos: Pink fireweed blossoms and Denali, North America's tallest mountain. Denali National Park (Patrick J Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)

Pink fireweed blossoms and Denali, North America’s tallest mountain. Denali National Park (Patrick J Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)


Denali National Park photos: Photographer takes pictures of spring blooming lapland rosebay that colors the tundra in Denali National Park, Alaska Range mountains in the distance. (Patrick J. Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)

A photographer takes pictures of spring blooming lapland rosebay that colors the tundra in Denali National Park, Alaska Range mountains in the distance. (Patrick J. Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)

The Tundra

Denali’s lowlands and slopes consist of taiga and tundra. Taiga is a Russian word for the sparse northern evergreen forest. The dominant white and black spruce trees are interspersed with quaking aspen, paper birch, larch, and balsam poplar. Many open areas are filled with shrubs such as dwarf birch, blueberry, and a variety of willow species. The tree line occurs at about 2,700 feet. Tussocks, sedge, cotton grass, dwarf willows, and alders give way to abundant wildflower meadows above the shrub-line. Eventually, the plant cover thins to scattered patches amidst barren rock the at 6000-7000 ft. The tiny highland plants grow snug to the ground, creating their own livable microclimate. Mountain avens, dwarf fireweed, moss campion, dwarf rhododendron, and forget-me-not (Alaska’s state flower) make stunning summer displays of delicate blossoms.

Denali National Park photos: Autumn tundra and taiga in Denali National park, Alaska. (Patrick J. Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)

Autumn tundra and taiga in Denali National park, Alaska. (Patrick J. Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)


Denali National Park photos: The morning sun rises over the Alaska Range mountains, lighting the crimson dwarf birch tundra, Denali National Park, Interior, Alaska. (Patrick J. Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)

The morning sun rises over the Alaska Range mountains, lighting the crimson dwarf birch tundra, Denali National Park, Interior, Alaska. (Patrick J. Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)

Wildlife of Denali

Denali Park hosts some of the densest grizzly bear habitat per square mile in the world. That is part of the lure and attraction to this great alpine tundra region—to see a grizzly bear in the wild. It is also home to many other animals including some of the larger, more icon species including caribou, moose, Dall sheep, wolves and a host of smaller animals. Denali Park has a bear safety orientation that is required for backcountry travelers.

Young grizzly bear rests along the spring tundra in front of Denali, Denali National Park, Alaska. (Patrick J. Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)

Young grizzly bear rests along the spring tundra in front of Denali, Denali National Park, Alaska. (Patrick J. Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)

Dall Sheep

Spring, summer, and fall provide a compressed respite from the sub-Arctic long season of deep cold. For most animals, it is a busy time during which they must garner most of their annual food supplies. Dall sheep, relatives of the bighorn sheep, graze the alpine tundra for the young shoots of mountain avens. Ewes and rams live apart in summer, while the lambs are getting their start.

Denali National Park photos: Dall sheep rams, Denali Park road, tourists watch from Park buses, Polychrome Pass, Denali National Park, Alaska. (Patrick J. Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)

Dall sheep rams, Denali Park road, tourists watch from Park buses, Polychrome Pass, Denali National Park, Alaska. (Patrick J. Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)

Caribou

Caribou travel in groups. Both sexes have antlers, the only deer family members to do so. Caribou migrate great distances from their calving grounds south of the Alaska Range and northwest of Denali to their winter range in the northern reaches of the park and preserve. The Denali Herd has fluctuated greatly in number over the last 30 years. Today groups of 20 or more may be seen from the park road, quite different from the thousands seen many years ago.

Denali National Park photos: Bull caribou walks across the autumn colored tundra in Denali National park. (Patrick J. Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)

A bull caribou walks across the autumn colored tundra in Denali National park. (Patrick J. Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)


Denali National Park photos: Tourists view caribou on the park road in Denali National Park, Alaska. (Patrick J Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)

Tourists view caribou on the park road in Denali National Park, Alaska. (Patrick J Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)

Moose

Moose are a popular and commonly viewed animal through the park region, with densities increasing around the forested regions of the park. This includes the areas near the park entrance and wonder lake area. Bull moose are huge animals and become active in sparring and fighting other competing males as the breeding season begins in late August to early October. Cow moose generally give birth to twin calves in late May, but predation by wolves and bears takes a heavy toll on the calf survival rate.

Denali National Park photos: Bull Moose spar with antlers during the rut seasons in the boreal forest, Denali National Park, Alaska (Patrick J. Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)

Bull Moose spar with antlers during the rut seasons in the boreal forest, Denali National Park, Alaska (Patrick J. Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)

Wolves

Wolves are rarely seen, but they plan an important role in the natural scheme. In winter, wolves generally hunt in packs. Individuals, however, can be sighted as well. Pack organization is strongest during the whelping (pupping) season in spring. The presence of wolves in Denali is an indication of the quality of this wilderness. If you are lucky enough to see a wolf, consider it a rare and privileged experience.

Denali National Park photos: Cow moose defends her newly born calf from the Grant Creek wolf pack who attack them in a small tundra pond, Denali National Park. In the end, the wolves got the baby moose. (Patrick J. Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)

Cow moose defends her newly born calf from the Grant Creek wolf pack who attack them in a small tundra pond, Denali National Park. In the end, the wolves got the baby moose. (Patrick J. Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)

Grizzly Bears

Grizzly bears are omnivores, eating small plants, berries, ground squirrels, moose or caribou calves, and occasional carrion. They are seen throughout the park. Sows generally bear two cubs, sometimes one and rarely three. They too are fiercely protective of their offspring. Wolves and grizzly bears play an important role as predators. Ever ready to take advantage of an opportunity, they cull old, newborn, and sick animals from the caribou, moose and sheep population.

Female grizzly bear basks in the morning sun near a small tundra pond in Denali National Park, Alaska, snow covered Alaska mountain range in the distance. (Patrick J. Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)

Female grizzly bear basks in the morning sun near a small tundra pond in Denali National Park, Alaska, snow covered Alaska mountain range in the distance. (Patrick J. Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)


Denali National Park photos: Denali National Park, Alaska (Patrick J Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)

Denali National Park, Alaska (Patrick J Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)


Denali National Park photos: Grizzly bear, tundra and Denali, Denali National Park, Alaska (Patrick J. Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)

Grizzly bear, tundra, and Denali, Denali National Park, Alaska (Patrick J. Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)

Smaller Mammals

The mammals abound within the limits of this harsh, northern environment: fox, weasel, wolverine, lynx, marten, snowshoe hare, hoary marmot, red squirrel, ground squirrel, pika, porcupine, beaver, shrew, vole and the lemming. There are 37 mammal species recorded in the park and preserve.

Denali National Park photos: Cross fox (red fox), Denali National Park, Alaska (Patrick J. Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)

Cross fox (red fox), Denali National Park, Alaska (Patrick J. Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)


Arctic Ground Squirrel, Denali National Park, Alaska (Patrick J. Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)

Arctic Ground Squirrel, Denali National Park, Alaska (Patrick J. Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)

Birds

Bird life is varied and interesting. Most birds migrate long distances between their nesting grounds here in the park and their wintering areas. Wheatears winter in Africa; arctic terns in Antarctica and southern South America; jaegers take to life at sea in the southern oceans. On the open tundra, you may easily see ptarmigan, Lapland longspurs, and various shorebirds. Short-eared owls and northern harriers can be seen soaring low in search of rodents. Golden eagles patrol the higher elevations and ridge tops. Raptors – birds of prey – of the spruce forest are the hawk owl and goshawk. In these forests, you may also see the spruce grouse and varied thrush. Plovers, gyrfalcons, mew gulls, and snow buntings are among the 156 species of birds recorded at Denali. Raven, ptarmigan, magpie, and gray jay are some of the species that winter in the park and preserve.

Denali National Park photos: Raven flies through spruce trees in the morning fog, Denali National Park, interior, Alaska. (Patrick J. Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)

Raven flies through spruce trees in the morning fog, Denali National Park, interior, Alaska. (Patrick J. Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)


Denali National Park photos: Male Willow Ptarmigan, summer tundra, Denali National Park, Alaska (Patrick J. Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)

Male Willow Ptarmigan, summer tundra, Denali National Park, Alaska (Patrick J. Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)

Winter

Winter challenges wildlife with frigid temperatures and the cessation of plant growth. Food is scarce. Grizzlies fatten up in the summer and remain in a torpor or deep sleep most of the winter. Adult males, on the other hand, appear to enter dens later and emerge earlier than most other bears. Ground squirrels and marmots hibernate, their body functions virtually halted. Beavers and red squirrels hole up and subsist on food caches. Weasels, snowshoe hare, and ptarmigan, however, turn white and continue the struggle to survive above ground against extreme conditions.

Bull moose, treks across snow covered tundra during mating season, Denali National Park, Alaska (Patrick J. Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)

Bull moose, treks across snow-covered tundra during mating season, Denali National Park, Alaska (Patrick J. Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)

Park Development and History

Naturalist, hunter, and conservationist Charles Sheldon conceived a plan to conserve the region as a national park. Sheldon devoted much of his 1907 travels to studying boundaries for the proposed national park that would include territories suitable for a game refuge. Upon his return to the states in 1908, a campaign was launched to establish a national park. Largely due to these efforts, Mount Denali National Park was established in 1917. Its population of Dall sheep and other wildlife were now legislatively protected. However, Mount Denali itself was not wholly included within the boundaries.

Denali National Park photos: Park service entrance sign to Denali National Park, Alaska. (Patrick J Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)

Park service entrance sign to Denali National Park, Alaska. (Patrick J Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)

The Park Name

The changes in names and boundaries that have occurred over the years can be confusing. At its inception, Charles Sheldon wanted to call the park Denali, but his suggestion would not be followed until 1980. In 1917 Mount McKinley National Park was established as a wildlife refuge. The park and massif including North America’s highest peak were named for an Ohio former senator and later President – William McKinley. In 1980, the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act (ANILCA) enlarged the boundary by 4 million acres and redesigned from Mount McKinley National Park to Denali National Park and Preserve (the mountain retained the name Mt. McKinley).On 02 December 1980, President Jimmy Carter signed the bill establishing Denali National Park. The park and preserve remain largely wild and unspoiled, as the Athabascans knew it.

Muldrow Glacier Flows Between Carpe (left) And Pioneer (right) Ridges, Down The Western Side Of Mt. Denali, North America's Tallest Mountain, Denali National Park, Alaska. (Patrick J. Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)

Muldrow Glacier Flows Between Carpe (left) And Pioneer (right) Ridges, Down The Western Side Of Mt. Denali, North America’s Tallest Mountain, Denali National Park, Alaska. (Patrick J. Endres / AlaskaPhotoGraphics.com)

McKinley or Denali?

A bill submitted in January 2015 by Alaska Senator Lisa Murkowski re-proposed renaming North America’s highest peak from McKinley to Denali. On August 30, 2015, Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell announced that the mountain would be renamed Denali. In 2016, Donald Trump called the name change from Mt. McKinley to its original Athabaskan name (already used by many local Alaskans) a “great insult to Ohio” and vowed to reverse the decision if elected.

moose mt mckinley grizzly bear dall sheep ram on polychrome bull caribou stoney dome denali and caribou bull moose fighting willow ptarmigan

Denali National Park photos slideshow